Published on : Wednesday, November 29, 2017
ERA, IATA, AIRE, AFRAA, A4A, AACO, AAPA, ALTA and NACC understand that the Dutch Government has announced its intention to address aviation’s environmental impact through taxation, envisaging a Europe-wide tax on aviation in the context of planned negotiations in 2019 on the ‘Paris climate objectives’. A tax on purported “noisy and polluting” aircraft is also under consideration and, if both measures are determined to be insufficient, an aviation passenger tax may be introduced in the Netherlands from 2021.
In addition to the contradiction with international law and principles, the associations highlight the negative impact of the previous air passenger taxes in the Netherlands and other European countries. The proposed taxation policy is also at odds with the principles that underlie all of ICAO’s requirements regarding environmental levies. ICAO adopted a Global Market-Based Measure in October 2016 to address emissions from international aviation, with overwhelming support from ICAO’s member states. The ICAO Assembly Resolution stipulates that CORSIA is to be the sole market-based measure applying to CO2 emissions from international aviation. The Preamble of ICAO Resolution A39-3 reiterates that market-based measures should not be duplicative and international aviation CO2 emissions should be accounted for only once. Moreover, intra-EU flights are subject to the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, in which airlines already pay their contribution towards reducing the environmental impact.
The aviation, travel and tourism sector plays a critical role in, and contributes significantly to, the Dutch economy and this should be supported and nurtured, not hindered by ineffective government taxation.