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Published on : Monday, September 16, 2013
The Fiestas Patrias of Chile consists of two days: September 18, in commemoration of the proclamation of the First Governing Body of 1810, and marking the beginning of the Chilean independence process and September 19th. Within Chile the Fiestas Patrias are often referred to as the Dieciocho, or “18th” because the celebration occurs on September 18. Unofficially, the celebration can last for around a week, depending on when it falls. Most schools and jobs declare a week-long vacation for the holiday. The celebration of Fiestas Patrias is an expression of Chilean culture. Traditional activities associated with the Dieciocho include Chilean rodeo, dancing the cueca, going to fondas, and barbecue. Officially, activities on September eighteen are centered around a religious celebration “Te Deum Ecuménico de Fiestas Patrias”.
Chilean wine (reds of all varieties) are the most heavily consumed bevarages during the (Fiestas Patrias) festive days leading up to the 18th of September in Chile. Chileans love their wine and it really shows around September 18 every year.
On September 18, 1810 Chilean leaders decided on limited self-government. Napoleon Bonaparte had imposed his brother Joseph on the throne of Spain and the Chilean establishment – unable to recognize either Joseph or the rebels against France in Spain as legitimate – decided on what was seen as an interim measure until the Spanish throne was restored. This date is now celebrated as Chile’s Independence Day. The permanent independence of Chile from Spain was officially achieved on February 12, 1818. The independence process extended from the years 1808-10 to 1818-1826, depending on what terms one uses to define the beginning and the end. Traditionally, the period is divided into three stages: Patria Vieja, Reconquista, and Patria Nueva.
Tags: brother joseph, chile tourism, chilean culture, commemoration, cueca, february 12, festive days, fondas, governing body, interim measure, long vacation, napoleon bonaparte, religious celebration, self government, spanish throne