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Published on : Tuesday, June 27, 2017
The census will be carried out next month. The move aims at flushing out invaders and will see a thorough registration of local residents and their livestock.
The cattle will be branded in a manner that will help identify their owners. Any invading livestock and their owners will be ordered out of the famous World Heritage Site. This move is for conserving the environment.
Located in northern Tanzania, Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) shares part of the Serengeti plains to the north-west and with the city of Arusha, municipality of Moshi and Mount Kilimanjaro to the east. Ngorongoro also forms part of the Serengeti ecosystem and is home to about 2.5 million wild animals and is one of the most favoured tourist spots not only in Tanzania, but also the entire world.
Awarded World Heritage Site and International Biosphere Reserve status, the NCA has an area of 8,292 square kilometres and ranges in altitude from 1,020 metres to 3,587 metres. The NCA aims to maintain the historic balance of people and nature in a way which has not been possible in many parts of Africa.
Nine volcanoes in the Ngorongoro highlands were formed during the past four million years. One of the volcanoes, Oldonyo Lengai (Mountain of God) is still active. The jewel in Ngorongoro’s crown is a deep volcanic crater – the largest unbroken caldera in the world – 19.2 kilometres in diameter; 610 metres deep and 304 square kilometers in area. This pasture and permanent water supports up to 25,000 predominantly grazing animals.
These include wildebeests, zebras, gazelles, buffaloes, elands, kongoni and warthogs. The swamps and forest provide additional resources for hippos, elephants, waterbucks, reedbucks, bushbucks, baboons and vervet monkeys. Cheetahs live in the crater. Jackals thrive in the crater and bat-eared foxes live in the short grass areas. Predatory animals such as lions, leopards, cheetahs, and several species of lesser wild cats live off the abundant wildlife. Lions are abundant in the crater.
Here visitors find large herds of elands and elephants. Also present are vervet monkeys, bushbucks, tree hyraxes, francolins, saddle-billed storks, vultures and eagles.