Published on : Monday, April 18, 2016
“Avinor is a catalyst for improved public transport and works diligently to improve the public transport share through a number of targeted measures that make it more attractive to take public transportation to and from Oslo Airport. In 2008, Avinor adopted a goal of 70 per cent public transportation in the ground transport service to Oslo Airport in 2020. We have already achieved this goal,” confirms Oslo Airport’s Managing Director, Øyvind Hasaas.
No other airport in Europe has achieved a higher public transport share in the ground transport service. Worldwide, there are just three airports that can boast of a higher rate of public transportation – all of them in Japan.
Fewer drive themselves
The growth in the share of public transportation has largely come about as a result of the fact that fewer people drive their own cars to and from the airport. The percentage of cars fell from 27 to 22 per cent from 2014 to 2015. Buses have also experienced some decline. Taxis, which account for 4 per cent, are not considered public transportation.
Increased market share to NSB
The most striking change in recent years is the increased market share for NSB (Norwegian State Railway). In 2007, NSB had a market share of 7 per cent, it was 15 per cent in 2014, and as much as 21 per cent in 2015. The boost is mainly due to more frequent trains and lower prices. The airport express train (Flytoget) has held stable at 35-38 per cent, but has lost some ground in the competition with NSB in the last two years.
75 per cent in 2030
The goal is to achieve 75 per cent public transportation by 2030. This presumes extensive use of policy instruments that largely fall outside Avinor’s sphere of control and responsibility, including sufficient track and station capacity for trains, a public transport lane on E6, new services in areas with low public transportation rates, better cooperation between airlines and public transport companies, as well as stronger concentration of residential and job growth in Akershus County.
Basis for the statistics
Two different surveys are implemented that e.g. chart ground transport services to and from Oslo Airport: the Airport Service Quality survey (ASQ) is a global questionnaire survey conducted under the auspices of Airport Council International (ACI). The survey maps customer satisfaction in several different areas, and is currently carried out using a standardised questionnaire at about 300 airports around the world, 10 of which are in Norway. ASQ comprises 700 interviews each quarter at Oslo Airport, for a total of 2,800 interviews per year.
Avinor’s own travel habits survey (RVU) is a continuous process and comprises around 50,000 interviews per year at Oslo Airport. Both ASQ and RVU are selected sample surveys, and as such they yield somewhat differing public transport shares. In 2015, RVU showed a public transport share of 71.4 per cent, while ASQ showed 69.1. The increase in public transport share in 2015 was 4.6 percentage points in RVU and 1.5 percentage points in ASQ.
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