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Published on : Monday, October 28, 2013
Tamil Nadu is a place which has ample natural resources and its wild life sanctuaries can be quite a busy and interesting escape for travellers who take special interest in wild life. The state is naturally gifted with many assets and birds from far and wide find home in the comfortable settings of Tamil Nadu.
Pulicat lake bird sanctuary
Lying between Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu’s coast line is the Pulicat lake bird sanctuary, a saline backwater lake. It is the 2nd largest brackish water lagoon in India after Chilka Lake in Orissa. The area on the TN side is 153.67 sq.km.
Spectacular flamingo white-coloured bird with a touch of pink on the wings, pink beak and legs, seen feeding in shallow water. The squat, large-billed grey pelican with gular pouch and a number of ducks are commonly seen. Flocks of sea gulls and terns circling in the sky or bobbing up and down on the water are an added attraction at pulicat. Besides, there are a number of waterside birds and waders such as curlews, stilts, plovers, sand pipers, lapwings, and redshank. Egrets, herons, kites feed on the 160 species of fish, 25 species of polychaete worms, 12 species of prawn, 19 species of mollusc.
Vedanthangal bird sanctuary
Around 30000 birds come every season even though the area is just 30 ha It then attracts multitudes of herons, egrets, storks, ibises and spoon bills, this place is worth a visit from October to January. The sanctuary is well protected by the locals as the droppings of the birds’ increases nitrogen content of the water and when used to irrigate crop increases the yield greatly and saves the cost of fertilizers.
Karikili Bird Sanctuary
Karikili Bird Sanctuary is located about 86 KM from Chennai, Karikili Bird Sanctuary which spread over 61.21 ha, comprises of two rain fed irrigation tanks. A home to open billed storks, the birds start arriving in Sept-Oct. Karikkili is a haven for ducks and waders. Pintailed ducks, Garganey teals, common teals, Shovellor, Little Grebe or Dab chick, Herons and Egrets are the other avian visitors.
Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary
It harbours around 90 species of water birds. The Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary is located in Perambalur district of Tamil Nadu. water birds visiting the sanctuary includes the high flying Barheaded Goose, long migrants like White stork and White necked Stork, Grey Pelican, Ibis. Sixteen species of Ducks and twenty three Species of Waders have been recorded in the sanctuary. Birds start arriving in November and stay on till May. Population of migratory birds is highest in January. About 50000 birds have been recorded visiting the sanctuary during peak season. Important land birds visiting sanctuary include the Rosy Pastor, Peregrine Falcon, Osprey, Marsh Harrier, Tawny Eagle, etc., Nearly 100 species of land birds have been recorded in the sanctuary.
Mela-Keela Selvanoor Bird Sanctuary
Mela-Keela Selvanoor Bird Sanctuary is located near Sayalkudi in Ramanathapuram district. This is the biggest bird sanctuary in Tamil Nadu. The total area of the sanctuary is 593.08 ha. The sanctuary is flocked with Pelicans, Painted Storks, Open billed Storks, White ibis, Spoon bills and Egrets regularly nest in the sanctuary. This sanctuary is considered to be the best heronry site in Ramanathapuram district. The vegetation of the tank is dominated by Prosopis in few locations with babul and on the boundaries with tamarind trees.