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Published on : Monday, June 1, 2015
Developed by air traffic control company NATS and Lockheed Martin a leading airport and air traffic management (ATM) technology provider, Time Based Separation (TBS) is a world first and is expected to halve headwind delays, the single biggest cause of arrival delay at the airport.
On 30 March, with a 35 knot headwind on final approach, NATS controllers landed on average of two more aircraft per hour and halved delays when compared to similar conditions on 2 March before TBS was introduced. That was even though the 30 March was a busier day, with 24 more scheduled arrivals.
Overall this means TBS is on track to save 80,000 minutes of delay per-year at Heathrow.
Derek Provan, Heathrow Director of Airside Operations, said: “Time Based Separation on final approach, a world first at Heathrow, addresses the biggest single cause of arrival delay at the airport. Heathrow has been operating at 98% capacity for over a decade and so technology like this is essential to maintaining our efficient operations, and providing the best service possible to our passengers.”
Andy Lord, British Airways’ Director of Operations, added: “The introduction of Time Based Separation marks a significant milestone for Heathrow, NATS, Lockheed Martin and British Airways.
“It has brought real benefits to our customers through reducing delays in high winds and has been a great example of the benefits of collaborative working. We look forward to building upon this great work to see what additional benefits can be reaped in the future.”
Under normal conditions NATS air traffic controllers land around 42 aircraft an hour at Heathrow, however that falls dramatically in a strong headwind when aircraft fly more slowly over the ground.
Having to maintain a set separation distance between arrivals cuts the landing rate and has a significant effect on airport capacity. The Time Based Separation system uses real-time wind data to calculate the optimum safe time between arriving aircraft, therefore allowing separation distances to be reduced in order to maintain the landing rate.
Martin Rolfe, NATS Chief Executive, said: “There was a 35 knot headwind on Heathrow final approach on 30 March. Before Time Based Separation that would have seen the landing rate drop to just 36 aircraft an hour resulting in major delays. But with TBS in place we were landing around 38 consistently each hour and the benefits of that to passengers and airlines are huge.”
Traditionally, the distance arriving aircraft are separated by has been determined by the size of the spiralling air turbulence – or wake vortex – they create. NATS and Lockheed Martin spent five years studying the wake vortex of 150,000 aircraft to prove that it dissipates much more quickly in strong headwind conditions, therefore allowing aircraft to be closer together.
Mark Cooper, UK Managing Director of Lockheed Martin Information Systems & Global Solutions added; “Lockheed Martin and NATS are continuing to find new ways of ensuring passengers reach their destination safely and on time. The TBS capability will help airports and airlines to maintain capacity during challenging weather periods and reduce disruption.”
Time Based Separation was introduced at Heathrow because of the amount of headwind delays. However, being able to dynamically alter the separation times between aircraft could also help optimise runway capacity at other airports around the world.