Tourism and its evolving history

Published on : Monday, October 23, 2017

download (1)In modern day lexicon, the phrase “the world is flat” is now part of it. Thomas L. Friedman, journalist and author, in a decade old interview had described how he discovered the word and so and so forth.

 

“I was in India interviewing Nandan Nilekani at Infosys. And he said to me, “Tom, the playing field is being leveled.” Indians and Chinese were going to compete for work like never before, and Americans weren’t ready. I kept chewing over that phrase — the playing field is being leveled — and then it hit me: Holy mackerel, the world is becoming flat.”

 

The aforesaid words have done much to give details about the forces growing around technology; seamless workflow between and among countries; and easily available information, which ultimately created the 21st century’s complex international web of economies and cultures.

 

One section of the interconnected world that has got modest attention is the constantly growing influence of tourism. Tourism is not an alien concept. Almost two thousand years back, influential and rich Romans fled from the city to spend their hot summer months in places with cooler climates with peaceful settings. During the medieval times, pilgrims looked for shrines and holy relics for the purpose spiritual salvation.

 

If we look back, in the 18th and 19th centuries, wealthy people traveled to get an idea about foreign histories and cultures. The industrial revolution ultimately gave birth to modern tourism. Middle class people with disposable income along with the introduction of trains brought travel to the forefront to many who had previously been excluded.

 

However, no one could predict the extraordinary growth of this sector in the last 25 years.

 

The 2017 annual report of the United Nations World Tourism Association throws light on this arena.

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