Published on : Monday, December 6, 2021
Amtrak could be forced to reduce train service after the end-of-the-year travel crunch because some workers have not complied with a mandate to be fully vaccinated in January.
About 6 percent of the railroad’s workforce could be fired for failure to show proof of vaccination by a Jan. 4 deadline, according to an internal company memo and interviews with labour and industry leaders.
The terminations could harm Amtrak’s recovery from the coronavirus pandemic slump after recent progress in restoring service and rebuilding ridership that plummeted by 97 percent. It could also exacerbate staffing problems amid a national worker shortage that Amtrak leaders say has hampered the railroad’s ability to return to pre-pandemic schedules.
Any service reductions — which would come weeks after Congress approved $66 billion in new investment for rail — could dampen Amtrak’s momentum, observers say, noting that it could hurt rider confidence in the system and ignite new scrutiny among congressional leaders.
The railroad is expected to publish a revised service schedule by mid-December to reflect possible cuts, according to Amtrak. In a memo to workers last month, chief executive William J. Flynn said the railroad is preparing for the possibility that some number of employees will choose not to get vaccinated and will therefore be leaving the company, which could necessitate some temporary reductions of Amtrak service.
The company said in the memo that 88.2 percent of its roughly 17,000 workers had been vaccinated late last month, and projected another 6 percent were on track to comply this month. Amtrak said Friday it expects the number “to be slightly higher” by the January deadline.
Amtrak already has pushed back disciplinary action against noncompliant workers until after the busy holiday travel season, a timeline that railroad officials say is in line with new government guidelines for federal contractors. Although Amtrak operates as a private company, it was created by Congress, reports to the government and relies on federal subsidies.
The federal vaccine policy is being challenged in court by labor unions, which have pushed for the return of a more flexible policy that allows a testing option for those unwilling to be vaccinated.
It is unclear which routes could face reductions. Amtrak has not said whether unvaccinated workers are concentrated in any particular region of the country. Some industry and labor leaders say rural areas would be most likely to suffer, in part because vaccination rates are lower and crews are smaller. Replacing key workers — such as locomotive engineers or train conductors — could prove difficult as safety protocols call for trained workers who already are familiar with routes to run trains.
The effects on the Northeast Corridor could be less disruptive because the busy D.C.-to-Boston route is served by multiple trains and lines daily, and travel demand has not fully rebounded. The timing also coincides with a slower post-holiday travel period.
The Northeast, with its higher vaccination rates, is also home to a large share of Amtrak’s workers. Still, any reduction in personnel outside the Northeast and West Coast could take a toll on the cross-country, overnight routes that run once a day.