Aurora Borealis may be hidden over mainland US, but seen from other countries

 Monday, November 1, 2021 



Many Americans trying to catch a glimpse of the Northern Lights this weekend were thwarted by clouds or rain, but other countries and Alaska could get a mesmerizing treat this Halloween night.

Parts of Canada, Alaska and Russia might see the finale of a weekend lights show Sunday that started when a large solar flare erupted Thursday and became visible to Earth starting Saturday, forecasters said.

The solar flare led to a strong geomagnetic storm that caused the Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights to reach parts of the US and Europe. On Friday, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute Aurora Forecast had predicted that, weather permitting, the Northern Lights might be visible this weekend from Portland, Oregon, to New York City.

But many parts of the northern US had foggy, rainy or overcast skies that hindered views of the aurora, meteorologist Allison Chinchar said. As of Sunday, most of the mainland US was not expected to see any more of the Northern Lights this weekend, meteorologist Haley Brink said.

But Aurora may be visible at high latitudes such as Canada and Alaska, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Space Weather Prediction Center said Sunday. Weak power grid fluctuations can occur.

The Northern Lights as well as the Southern Lights, which are seen in the Southern Hemisphere- are the result of electrons colliding with the upper reaches of Earth’s atmosphere, the NOAA said.

The electrons are energized through acceleration processes. The accelerated electrons follow the magnetic field of Earth down to the Polar Regions, where they collide with oxygen and nitrogen atoms and molecules in Earth’s upper atmosphere.

In these collisions, the electrons transfer their energy to the atmosphere and excite the atoms and molecules to higher energy states. When they relax back down to lower energy states, they release their energy in the form of light.

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